The experience of underemployment for Western Australian university graduates.

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (Psychology) Honours


School of Psychology and Social Science


Computing, Health and Science

First Advisor

Associate Professor Lynne Cohen


The purpose of the current paper is to provide a complete, critical review of the literature that explores the underemployment phenomenon. Underemployment occurs in various guises, but generally refers to a lower quality of employment relative to a past employment situation or a prescribed standard of comparison. This review initially provides a brief overview of the four major theoretical perspectives of underemployment and the five main dimensions used within the literature. The review then outlines the various definitions and measures for each of these dimensions, as well as the consequences each can have on the individuals experiencing them. The antecedents of underemployment are also discussed, and implications for future research are provided. Limitations of underemployment research studies are discussed throughout this review.

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