Association of baseline and cumulative remnant cholesterol with incidence of diabetic nephropathy: A longitudinal cohort study
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Centre for Precision Health
To evaluate the longitudinal association of remnant cholesterol with the incidence of diabetic nephropathy using a Chinese diabetes cohort.
We included 4237 individuals with type 2 diabetes during 2013–2014 from Beijing Health Management Cohort. Remnant cholesterol was defined by Martin–Hopkins equation. Diabetic nephropathy was confirmed by urine albumin/creatinine ratio and estimated glomerular filtration rate. We calculated the hazard ratio (HR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for incident diabetic nephropathy using adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression.
The median [IQR] age was 55 [48, 64] years, and 3 256 (76.8 %) were men. During follow-up, 248 (5.9 %) participants developed diabetic nephropathy. One-SD increase of baseline and average cumulative remnant cholesterol were significantly associated with an increased risk of diabetic nephropathy, and the adjusted HRs were 1.208 (95 % CI: 1.098–1.329) and 1.216 (95 % CI: 1.102 – 1.341), respectively. Individuals in the highest tertile of baseline and average cumulative remnant cholesterol had a 82.3 % and 87.6 % excess risk of diabetic nephropathy, compared with those in the lowest.
Remnant cholesterol is independently associated with incident diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes.