Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts Honours
Faculty of Community Services, Education and Social Sciences
This article reviews 23 studies post 1985 that measure therapeutic factors. In particular, the current review investigates whether research post 1985 has addressed the specific areas identified by Bloch and Crouch, ( 1985) and Butler and Fuhriman (1983) as needing further investigation. Areas of study under investigation are (i) behavioral evidence for therapeutic factors. (ii) the relationship between therapeutic factors and treatment outcome, (iii) the relationship between therapeutic factors and individual differences, (iv) the association between therapeutic factors conditions of change and techniques. Studies reviewed were categorized into Inpatient and Outpatient settings. Only one study used observational methods, with the remaining studies using self-report questionnaires. Yalom's 60-item questionnaire, Yalom's Q-sort, (or modifications of these tests), and Bloch et al's, Critical Incident Questionnaire were the most commonly used instruments. The majority of studies focused on therapeutic factors and group differences. There was to a lesser degree research carried out in the area of therapeutic factors and treatment outcome, and the association of therapeutic factors and group development. Several studies used assessment scales to identify individual differences. There was a noted absence of observed behaviors associated with therapeutic factors. Whilst any examination of observed behaviors associated with therapeutic factors was limited.
McKenna, N. (1999). Therapeutic Factors in Small Groups : A Review of the Literature Since 1985. Retrieved from https://ro.ecu.edu.au/theses_hons/823