The study, uncovered Japanese Language Other Than English (LOTE) teachers' understandings of communicative language teaching (CLT). Using the idea of multiple data sources, the project relied on open ended interviews, classroom observations, and LOTE teacher survey responses. The data provided answers to two research questions: 1) What are LOTE teachers' beliefs and knowledge about (communicative) language teaching? and 2) How do LOTE teachers implement CLT in their classrooms. The multiple data sources provided information that both converged and diverged, providing insights not only into communicative language teaching, but also teachers' views of language teaching in general. The various sources allowed a richer and deeper conceptualisation of LOTE teachers and captured nuances, subtlety, and complexity that these Japanese LOTE teachers dealt with in their daily professional lives. Such databases have much to offer researchers in dealing with understanding the many aspects of LOTE teacher education in particular and teacher education in general.
Sato, K., & Kleinsasser, R. (1999). Multiple Data Sources: Converging and diverging conceptualizations of lote teaching. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.1999v24n1.2