Teacher training, in a variety of forms, is a well-established, integral component of mass schooling. Institutions specifically for that purpose were established in England by the first half of the nineteenth century. They made their first appearance in Australia in the form of Model or Normal schools in the 1850s and as purpose-specific teachers’ colleges from the 1880s. For the majority of new teachers in Australia, until at least the end of the nineteenth century, however, training consisted of a form of apprenticeship, either as monitors (around the mid century) or pupil-teachers.
Vick, M. (2003). Building 'Professionalism' and 'Character' in the Single Purpose Teachers College, 1900-1950.. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 28(1). https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2003v28n1.5