Australian Journal of Teacher Education

Australian Journal of Teacher Education


This review paper provides pre-service and in-service

teachers, principals and other educational professionals with the

information needed to understand the concept of resilience to affect

positive development in children and young people in their care. It

reviews and critiques the most influential literature on resiliency over

the last four decades and is structured in three parts. The first section

deals with the definitions of risk and resilience and relevant terms (i.e.

vulnerability, at-risk students, risk factors, protective factors) to

clarify confusion and ambiguities of concepts. The second part

outlines the development of the research on resilience using a

historical perspective. It traces its origins in medicine and psychology

into education and discusses the evolution of its body of work through

four waves. The last part discusses approaches to promoting




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